Cashmere is made using hair from the cashmere goat, native to the Gobi desert and surrounding plateaus stretching from Northern China to Mongolia. The goat has 2 types of hair, a rough outer layer which repels the harsh weather, and a fine under-coat which insulates the animals, keeping them warm in freezing conditions. It is this fine hair which is used to make cashmere yarn.
Separating these hairs is a time consuming process, traditionally done by hand. It is this, combined with the relative scarcity of the goats themselves, and the fact that each goat only produces around 150g of cashmere annually, that makes it such an expensive commodity.
Luxury Yarns' cashmere yarns are made exclusively for them by an exclusive Italian filati atelier (yarn studio) that selects only the finest cashmere for their products. They have been producing cashmere since 1918 and are one of, if not the finest manufacturers in Italy. Personally having tried and tested many samples from around the world I can say with confidence that these are the best quality and best value cashmere knitting yarns available.